Umanizzazione delle cure: innovazione e modello assistenziale

  • Francesco Burrai SC Formazione, Ricerca e Cambiamento Organizzativo, ATS Sardegna - ASSL di Sassari, Sassari - Italia
  • Valentina Micheluzzi Infermiere Olistico, AOU di Sassari, Sassari - Italia
  • Luigi Apuzzo Ricercatore, Centro di Ricerca SIAN, Santa Maria Capua Vetere, Caserta - Italia
Parole chiave: Health care model, Holistic care, Humanization of care, Innovation

Abstract

The contemporary social context shows a profound need to bring healthcare back to a meeting between the technical-organizational needs of the system and the needs for global understanding of the patient. The passage from the “patient” vision to a “person” perspective is the radical request for paradigmatic and operational change to be implemented to respond to new needs, trends and socio-cultural changes. Recent literature shows that the Newtonian-Cartesian reduction of the human being to biomachine, which still resists the culture and unconscious of many health professionals, is no longer justified from a scientific point of view. The conceptual model, the framework of the most advanced sciences is the holistic one. This model lays the foundations for a better understanding of the functioning of the human being and consequently for a new epistemological and anthropological vision, that of the bio-psycho-socio-cultural network, where interaction with the environmental context influences the feedback of this system. It seems fundamental to start a structured path of synergy between the humanization of care and its gradual implementation, for the improvement of the quality of life of nephrological patients and for a new clinical-assistance background for the health workers who work daily in nephrology, dialysis and transplantation.

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Pubblicato
2020-04-27
Sezione
Review