Clima ambientale e clima emotivo: due pilastri evolutivi poco tangibili ma tremendamente importanti per la nostra vita

  • David Mariani Healthy Habits Academy Director, Montecatini Terme, Pistoia - Italia
  • Alessandro Capitanini SOC Nefrologia e Dialisi Ospedale di Pistoia, Azienda Sanitaria Toscana Centro, Pistoia - Italia
Parole chiave: Air pollution, Circadian rhythms, Environment, Health hazard, Light pollution, Noise pollution

Abstract

Our evolutionary history is based on four fundamental pillars: physical activity, nutrition, inner mood and external environment. We live at the rhythm of an inner clock that leads everything we do, the so called circadian rhythm. The circadian system, that is ubiquitous across species, generates ~24 h rhythms in virtually all biological processes, and allows them to anticipate and adapt to the 24 h day/night cycle, thus ensuring optimal physiological function. During the day our organism spends its energy in order to complete catabolic pathways which help us in our relationship with the external environment, while at night anabolic pathways, repairing, strengthening and growth-orientated, prevails. External environment can influence both our circadian rhythm and our body chemistry. Within the last 100 years, environmental conditions are extremely changed: the artificial light (also by televisions screens, smartphones and computers) is lighting up our world 24 hours a day, the background noise is a constant in our everyday life and the air pollution represent risk factors for our health and well-being by causing or facilitating diseases. Also our inner mood, emotions and environment are crucial for human beings’ and planet’s health and for the future of mankind. (healthy_habits)

##plugins.generic.usageStats.downloads##

##plugins.generic.usageStats.noStats##

Riferimenti bibliografici

Ulrich RS. View through a window may influence recovery from surgery. Science. 1984;224:420-1.

Health Council of the Netherlands and Dutch Advisory Council for Research on Spatial Planning, Nature and the Environment. Nature and health. The influence of nature on social, psychological and physical well-being. The Hague: Health Council of the Netherlands and RMNO 2004. Available at: http://www.gezondheidsraad.nl/en/publications/nature-and-health-influence-nature-social-psychological-and-physical-well-being

Curtis AM, Fitzgerald GA. Central and peripheral clocks in cardiovascular and metabolic function. Ann Med. 2006;38:552-9.

Hastings MH, Reddy AB, Maywood ES. A clockwork web: circadian timing in brain and periphery, in health and disease. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2003;4(8),649-61.

Brainard GC, Petterborg LJ, Richardson BA, Reiter RJ. Pineal melatonin in syrian hamsters: circadian and seasonal rhythms in animals maintained under laboratory and natural conditions. Neuroendocrinology. 1982;35:342-8.

Carr AJ, Johnston JD, Semikhodskii AG, Nolan T, Cagampang FR, Stirland JA, Loudon AS. Photoperiod differentially regulates circadian oscillators in central and peripheral tissues of the syrian hamster. Curr Biol. 2003;13:1543-8.

Dardente H, Wyse CA, Birnie MJ, Dupré SM, Loudon AS, Lincoln GA, Hazlerigg DG. A molecular switch for photoperiod responsiveness in mammals. Curr Biol. 2010;20:2193-8.

Haim A, Portnov BA. Light Pollution as a New Risk Factor for Human Breast and Prostate Cancers. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; The Netherlands 2013.

De Beaune SA, White R. Ice Age Lamps. Sci Am. 1993;206:108-13.

Nordhaus WD, Nordhaus WD. Do real-output and real wage measures capture reality? The history of lighting suggests not. In: Bresnahan TF, Gordon RJ, eds. The Economics of New Goods. Chicago, IL, USA: The University of Chicago Press 1994:27-70.

Cinzano P, Falchi F, Elvidge CD. The first world atlas of the artificial night sky brightness. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 2001;328:689-707.

Navara KJ, Nelson RJ. The dark side of light at night: Physiological, epidemiological, and ecological consequences. J Pineal Res. 2007;43:215-24.

Pauley SM. Lighting for the human circadian clock: Recent research indicates that lighting has become a public health issue. Med Hypotheses. 2004;63:588-96.

Renard G, Leid J. The dangers of blue light: True story! J Fr Ophtalmol. 2016;39:483-8.

Babisch W. Cardiovascular effects of noise. Noise Health. 2011;13:201-4.

Babisch W. Stress hormones in the research on cardiovascular effect of noise. Noise Health. 2003;5:1-11.

Jarup L, Dudley ML, Babisch W; HYENA Consortium. Hypertension and Exposure to Noise near Airports (HYENA): study design and noise exposure assessment. Environ Health Perspect. 2005;113(11):1473-8.

Babisch W. The noise/stress concept, risk assessment and research needs. Noise Health. 2002;4:1-11.

WHO. Review of evidence on health aspects of air pollution—REVIHAAP project: technical report. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe 2013.

Haase D, Larondelle N, Andersson E, et al. A quantitative review of urban ecosystem service assessments: concepts, models, and implementation. Ambio. 2014;43(4):413-33.

Fang Y, Naik V, Horowitz LW, Mauzerall DL. Air pollution and associated human mortality: the role of air pollutant emissions, climate change and methane concentration increases from the preindustrial period to present. Atmos Chem Phys. 2013;13(3):1377-94.

Bernstein JA, Alexis N, Barnes C, et al. Health effects of air pollution. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004;114:1116-23.

Dockery DW. Epidemiologic evidence of cardiovascular effects of particulate air pollution. Environ Health Perspect. 2001;109(Suppl 4):S483-6.

Patel MM, Miller RL. Air pollution and childhood asthma: recent advances and future directions. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2009;21:235-42.

Dockery DW, Pope CA 3rd. Acute respiratory effects of particulate air pollution. Annu Rev Public Health. 1994;15:107-32.

Choi H, Rauh V, Garfinkel R, Tu Y, Perera FP. Prenatal exposure to airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and risk of intrauterine growth restriction. Environ Health Perspect. 2008;116:658-65.

Smith KR, Samet JM, Romieu I, Bruce N. Indoor air pollution in developing countries and acute lower respiratory infections in children. Thorax. 2000;55:518-32.

Yu BF, Hu ZB, Liu M, Yang HL, Kong QX, Liu YH. Review of research on air-conditioning systems and indoor air quality control for human health. Int J Refrig. 2009;32:3-20.

Jerath R, Crawford MW. How Does the Body Affect the Mind? Role of Cardiorespiratory Coherence in the Spectrum of Emotions. Adv Mind Body Med. 2015 Fall;29(4):4-16.

Decety J, Norman GJ, Berntson GG, Cacioppo JT. A neurobehavioral evolutionary perspective on the mechanisms underlying empathy. Progr Neurobiol. 2012;98(1):38-48.

Evers AWM, Colloca L, Blease C, et al. Implications of Placebo and Nocebo Effects for Clinical Practice: Expert Consensus. Psychother Psychosom. 2018;87(4):204-10.

Toussaint LL, Owen AD, Cheadle A. Forgive to live: forgiveness, health, and longevity. J Behav Med. 2012;35(4):375-86.

Pubblicato
2020-02-20
Sezione
Articolo originale