Kidney transplant: gender differences


  • Anna Laura Fantuzzi Dietista già Coordinatore Nutrizione e Dietetica Aziendale, AUSL Modena, Comitato Scientifico ASAND (Associazione Scientifica Alimentazione Nutrizione e Dietetica) - Italy
  • Elisa Berri Dietista, Dipartimento di Cure Primarie, AUSL—IRCCS di Reggio Emilia | Italy
  • Lida Tartaglione Dirigente Medico, UOC Nefrologia, AOU Policlinico Umberto I di Roma
  • Rossella Giannini Dietista, SSD Malattie del Metabolismo e Nutrizione Clinica Azienda Ospedaliero Unive
  • Sara Dominjanni Dirigente Medico, UOC Nefrologia e Dialisi Ospedale Sant'Eugenio - ASL Roma 2 – Roma
  • Silvia Porreca Dirigente Medico, U.O C.. di Nefrologia e Dialisi, P.O. “Di Venere” - BARI - ASL BA



Gender, Kidney transplantation, Organ donation, Sex


Renal transplantation represents the best treatment for end-stage kidney disease, leading to improved quality of life and life-expectancy for most of the patients. However, gender disparities are evident both in access and in outcomes of kidney transplantation.nWomen on dialysis are less likely to be on the waiting list for kidney transplantation and receive an organ from a deceased donor or living donor. Several biological and sociocultural aspects could explain this disparity. On the contrary, more women than men are living kidney donors. Italian women are the first organ donors for living transplants in Europe. The gender difference in living donation is certainly affected by different comorbidities, but such a marked trend highlights a greater predisposition to donate of women, especially in the family context. Some differences are also found in kidney outcomes, even not fully understand. Our paper analyzes the main differences in different aspects of kidney transplantation related to gender, including nutritional aspects.


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How to Cite

Fantuzzi, A. L., Berri, E., Tartaglione, L., Giannini, R., Dominjanni , S., & Porreca, S. (2023). Kidney transplant: gender differences. Giornale Di Clinica Nefrologica E Dialisi, 35(1), 45–50.



Original articles


Received 2023-05-20
Accepted 2023-06-26
Published 2023-08-05


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