Economic burden of disease of uncontrolled acromegalic patients: the acromegaly Italian collaborative study group
Keywords:cost of illness, indirect cost, patient cost
AbstractBackground: Acromegaly is a rare, serious and disabling disease associated with increased mortality if not properly treated. The objective of this study was to estimate indirect and direct costs associated to uncontrolled acromegalic patients in Italy. Methods: a specific questionnaire was developed in order to obtain specific information from the patient perspective and administrated to subsequent patients treated in 17 Italian endocrinology centres. Indirect cost from patients and caregivers perspective were estimated considering the Human Capital Approach while direct cost were evaluated considering the patients perspective. assuming that our sample were representative of the general uncontrolled acromegalic patients. Results: 86 patients were enrolled in the study and complete the questionnaire. Of these 51.16% were employed, 23.26% were unemployed for reasons unrelated to the illness, 8,14% were unemployed due to the illness and 17.44% were inactive. The total costs per patient amounted to about € 3,832 per year, of which 5.1% are mobility costs, while the indirect costs come to € 7.7 million, of which 45.7% is due to illness-related to unemployment. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this study represents the first attempt to quantify the costs of uncontrolled acromegalic patients in Italy.
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