Metastatic renal cancer: real-world evidence from a large Italian claims database
Purpose: To assess the healthcare resources’ consumption and integrated costs of patients with renal cancer and new metastasis (mRCC), in the perspective of the Italian National Health System (NHS).
Methods: From the ReS database, through the administrative data record linkage, adults with a primary/secondary hospital (ordinary/daily admissions) diagnosis (ICD9-CM code) of renal cancer and lymph node and/or distant metastases in the same hospital discharge (index date) were selected in 2015. Metastases were defined new if they were absent in the 2 previous years. Patients were described in terms of gender, age (mean ± SD) and comorbidities of interest. The 2-year survival and annual pharmacological treatments, hospitalization, outpatient specialist services and costs were analysed.
Results: Out of >6 million adults in the 2015 ReS database, 133 (2.1 × 100,000) were hospitalized with a diagnosis of RCC and metastasis. Patients with new metastases were 63.2% (1.4 × 100,000; 73.8% males; mean age 68 ± 13). Hypertension was the most common comorbidity (70.2% of mRCC patients). The 2-year survival of mRCC patients was 26.2%. During 1-year follow-up, at least a drug was prescribed to 88.1% of mRCC patients (on average € 12,095/patient), 91.7% were hospitalized (€ 8,897/patient) and 82.1% entrusted the outpatient specialist care (€ 1,075/patient). The mean overall expenditure for the NHS was € 22,067 per capita.
Conclusions: This study shows the mRCC burden on the Italian real clinical practice and its economic impact in the perspective of the NHS. Real-world analyses prove to be useful to concretely estimate the overall healthcare responsibility on patients affected by mRCC.
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