Prevalence of antibiotic misuse in cases of pneumonia and diarrhea in Saudi Arabia


  • Ebtehaj Saud ALmughais Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail - Saudi Arabia
  • Fatmah Fahad Alreshidi Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail - Saudi Arabia
  • Hussain Ahmed Department of Histopathology and Cytology, FMLS, University of Khartoum, Khartoum - Sudan



Antibiotic abuse, Antibiotic misuse, Diarrhea, Pneumonia, Saudi Arabia


Background: Antibiotic misuse is a major public health issue with long-term repercussions.

Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of pneumonia and diarrhea, with an emphasis on antibiotic misuse.

Methodology: This study included 410 participants (217 fathers and 193 mothers), of whom 239 purchased antibiotics for their children without a prescription, whereas 171 had a prescription or were unsure if one was required.

Results: Antibiotics were used incorrectly by 58.1% of respondents. About 51.2% of participants said they were taking two antibiotics at the same time. Around 30% of people admitted to using antibiotics inefficiently. The most prevalent reason for use was “viral and bacterial,” followed by “viral,” and then “bacterial,” with 35%, 21%, and 20%, respectively. In addition, 22.4% of patients have used antibiotics for an unknown reason.

Conclusion: Saudi parents of children with pneumonia and diarrhea abuse antibiotics. Saudi legislation banning medications without a prescription has helped reduce antibiotic abuse, but more community-based education and awareness are needed.


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How to Cite

ALmughais ES, Alreshidi FF, Ahmed H. Prevalence of antibiotic misuse in cases of pneumonia and diarrhea in Saudi Arabia. dti [Internet]. 2023 Oct. 9 [cited 2023 Dec. 7];17(1):114-9. Available from:



Original Research Article


Received 2023-05-31
Accepted 2023-09-07
Published 2023-10-09