Antimicrobial resistance surveillance system mapping in different countries


  • Ramendra Pati Pandey Centre for Drug Design Discovery and Development (C4D), SRM University, Sonepat, Haryana - India
  • Riya Mukherjee Master & PhD program in Biotechnology Industry, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan City and Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Department of Biotechnology, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan City - Taiwan (R.O.C.)
  • Chung-Ming Chang Master & PhD program in Biotechnology Industry, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan City - Taiwan (R.O.C.)



Alternative Antibiotics, AMR, Comparative Medicine, One Health Approach, Phage Therapy, Surveillance


Objectives: Excessive use of antibiotics has increased antimicrobial resistance (AMR) worldwide, which is a major public concern among the countries. To control this threat proper monitoring of the antimicrobial usage with increasing rate of AMR is required. Moreover, alternatives for antibiotics are surveyed and are being researched for quick use in the future. Thus, multisector intervention is highly encouraged for better outcomes. In this research article, six different European countries are discussed in terms of antimicrobial usage and AMR in human and livestock sectors with the help of literature study and various reports published by different organizations.

Methods. Data study has been conducted to collect data for comparison study. Data sources of AMR and antimicrobial usage are analyzed and both antimicrobial use and AMR are compared.

Results: This article provides surveillance systems that are formed to keep a track on the upcoming situation of AMR and the consumption of antimicrobials by humans as well as animals. The article firmly allows the readers to get broad information about the AMR across six countries of Europe. These annual reports have hugely helped the government to decide for alternatives and have focused in many training activities to combat the AMR situation globally.

Conclusion: As antibiotic resistance genes persist on an interface between environment and animal and animal health, an approach is required in all three areas that stress the concept of “One Approach to Health.”


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How to Cite

Pandey RP, Mukherjee R, Chang C-M. Antimicrobial resistance surveillance system mapping in different countries. dti [Internet]. 2022 Nov. 30 [cited 2022 Dec. 6];16(1):36-48. Available from:



Focus on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) [In progress]
Received 2022-08-09
Accepted 2022-11-04
Published 2022-11-30