New technologies in the surgical management of endometriosis


  • Francesca Massimello Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa - Italy
  • Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo Department Integrated Maternal-Child Care, AOU Federico II of Napoli, Napoli - Italy image/svg+xml
  • Giuseppe Bifulco Department Integrated Maternal-Child Care, AOU Federico II of Napoli, Napoli - Italy image/svg+xml
  • Stefano Angioni Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cagliari, Cagliari - Italy image/svg+xml
  • Vito Cela Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa - Italy and Department Integrated Maternal-Child Care, AOU Federico II of Napoli, Napoli - Italy



Deep endometriosis, Endometriosis, Indocyanine green, Laparoscopy, Robotic surgery, Surgical treatment


Introduction: Endometriosis is a very common disease that affects up to 10% of the female population. Although medical therapy represents the first-line treatment for endometriosis, it does not always manage to control symptoms. Laparoscopy represents the standard surgical treatment in endometriosis. Robotic-assisted laparoscopy is an innovative mini-invasive surgical technique. Its application in gynecological surgery and in endometriosis has increased in the last decade. Our purpose is to offer an overview of the role of robotic-assisted laparoscopy in the surgical treatment of endometriosis.

Methods: We evaluated studies dealing with the new technique in surgery for endometriosis with a focus on robotic surgery. We performed a compressive literature research on PubMed and the Cochrane Library in December 2022.

Expert opinion: Robotic-assisted surgery is a feasible and safe approach to endometriosis surgery and is superimposable to laparoscopy in terms of complication rate, blood loss, hospitalization, and long-term improvement of symptoms.

The effect of robotic-assisted surgery on operative time is still contradictory and needs to be further investigated. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery can provide particular benefit in the management of women with severe endometriosis secondary to its advantage in surgical precision and ergonomics.

Indocyanine green fluorescence angiography could be useful to assist in the vascularization of ureters and bowel anastomosis, to prevent postoperative complication and leakage.


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How to Cite

Massimello, F., Di Spiezio Sardo, A., Bifulco, G., Angioni, S., & Cela, V. (2023). New technologies in the surgical management of endometriosis. AboutOpen, 10(1), 50–54.



Original research articles


Received 2022-12-12
Accepted 2023-02-21
Published 2023-03-17