Improving the diagnosis of X-linked hypophosphatemia: recommendations to optimize diagnostic flow and clinician/geneticist cooperation in the Italian clinical practice
Keywords:Genetic testing, Hypophosphatemic rickets, Patient care, PHEX, X-linked hypophosphatemia, XLH diagnosis
Objective: To provide Italian expert opinion-based practical recommendations to improve the cooperation between clinicians and geneticists in order to optimize diagnostic flow and care of X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH).
Methods: A panel of four geneticists and four clinicians from Italian reference centers for the diagnosis and management of XLH met virtually, first to highlight the critical issues in patient care and then to identify and share proposals to improve the diagnostic and care path of XLH.
Results: Critical issues emerged regarding the transfer of adequate clinical information from clinicians to geneticists, standardization and clarity of genetic reporting, and adequate interactions between clinicians and geneticists during patients’ follow-up. The necessary requirements for an appropriate request for evaluation of genetic variants and the need for a clear and clinically useful genetic report were agreed upon. Specifically designed template forms to be adopted with appropriate adjustments were defined and are here proposed for both the clinician’s request and the geneticist’s report.
Conclusions: The expert group strongly believes that collaboration between clinicians and geneticists should be encouraged in XLH, not only in the diagnostic phase but also during a patient’s follow-up, in order to manage patients more comprehensively and effectively.
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